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Posted On Jun 01, 2017

 

The latest installment of the Oman Medical Journal was issued this May. Oman Med J’s Volume 32, Issue 3, May 2017 contains an editorial, review article, eight original articles, four case reports, brief communication, clinical quiz, clinical notes, letter to editor and letter in reply. In this issue, the journal approaches important issues in medical care and scientific research in medicine, and contributes new knowledge to experts and scholars as well as the public.

The editorial titled "Diabetes Mellitus: A Local and Global Public Health Emergency!" talks about a major public health problem worldwide which is Diabetes Mellitus (DM).  The editorial gives some information according to current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 million people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040. Persistently high blood glucose levels can lead to serious life-changing and life-threatening complications. The Editorial concludes that governments/ health ministries must set their fiscal policies/health plans that favor healthier behaviors by providing incentives to encourage low-calorie and -fat foods diet, and promotion of physical activity in all settings including schools and workplaces if any impact on lowering diabetes in their populations is desired. Failing to do so will invariably result in a pandemic of diabetes and its associated cardiovascular and renal complications, which in turn could lead to unprecedented increases in healthcare expenditure on a single condition like diabetes and eventually bankrupt governments.

The review article titled "Writing a Research Proposal to The Research Council of Oman" talks about the challenging task in writing a research proposal for young researchers. This article explains how to write a strong research proposal to apply for funding, specifically, a proposal for The Research Council (TRC) of Oman. Three different research proposal application forms are currently used in TRC, including Open Research Grant (ORG), Graduate Research Support Program (GRSP), and Faculty-mentored Undergraduate Research Award Program (FURAP).  The review concludes that a successful research proposal should have informative title, self-sufficient and convincing abstract, a novel and feasible research question, up-to-date scholarly and relevant background and rationale, appropriate population and sample size, appropriate measurement and intervention methods, reasonable budget, realistic execution plan, and should address ethical issues.

One of the original articles titled "Impact of Aberrant Myeloid Antigen Expression on Outcomes of Patients with T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia" aims to  evaluate the impact of myeloid antigen expression on complete remission (CR), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients with T-cell acutelymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) treated with intensive chemotherapy.  The study concluded that patients with T-ALL with myeloid antigen expression need more courses of induction; however, rates of CR, EFS, and OS are not different from those without myeloid antigen expression. Larger prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

 

Another original article titled "Perception of Preparedness for Clinical Work among New Residents: A Cross-sectional Study from Oman " aims to evaluate the new residents overall perceptions of preparedness for clinical practice, measured by the Preparation for Hospital Practice Questionnaire (PHPQ). Also, to correlate between the mean rank scores of the PHPQs eight domains and the residents demographics (age, gender, place of undergraduate study, and length of internship). The study concluded that Most of the new residents were well prepared to clinical work. Factors such as place of undergraduate study, training, and duration of internship significantly influenced the residents perception of preparedness. Addressing these factors will enhance residents preparedness for clinical work.

        The following case reports titles are also included in this issue: Giant Parapharyngeal Space Pleomorphic Adenoma Causing Acute Airway Obstruction, Essential Thrombocythemia in a Two-year-old Child, Responsive to Hydroxyurea but Not Aspirin, Super Refractory Status Epilepticus in Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy, and Culture-Specific Pathogenicity of Dhat (Semen Loss) Syndrome in an Arab/Islamic Society, Oman.   

Oman Medical Journal was founded in 1984. It is a peer-reviewed journal, publishes six issues a year by Oman Medical Specialty Board. It intends to engage and inform doctors, researchers and other health professionals by publishing a wide range of peer-reviewed articles in various medical disciplines.  If you want to see the old issues you can visit our website http://www.omjournal.org.