Oman Medical Specialty Board
المجلس العماني للاختصاصات الطبية

Educational Programs

General Information

The Histopathology Residency Training Program aspires to produce pathologists of international caliber capable of providing high quality diagnostic services. By continuing professional development and through research in the field, these pathologists will also contribute to keep up the standard of the health care system of the country.


  •   Residency programme in Histopathology intends primarily to prepare Omani medical graduates to become medical experts in the field of Histopathology and Cytopathology, dedicated to patient care.
  •   The training will be designed in such a way that the residents will also be good communicators, collaborators with problem solving skills and laboratory managers well versed in total quality management of clinical laboratories.
  •   At the end of the programme, the Sultanate of Oman will have specialists committed to scholarly practice of Pathology, observing medical ethics and dedicated to lifelong learning and development of the country’s health care.

Overall ­Program Objectives
To be an expert in histo-cytopathology by developing knowledge and skills:
  •   To identify and differentiate the visual clues and to be able to independently report on routine histopathology samples, including frozen sections and on cytopathology samples.
  •   To be able to choose, limit and interpret further tests such as histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, cytogenetics, etc., for the right sample.
  •   To offer expert opinion or guidance on patient management to the clinician through multi-disciplinary meetings.
  •   To offer guidance regarding choice of, and limitations of, biopsy material.
  •   To perform autopsies, identify gross and microscopic abnormalities, and interpret them to find cause of death.
  •   To be able to take appropriate photographs including photomicrography.
  •   To know self-limitations and when to seek second opinion for safe medical practice.

To develop sufficient knowledge of laboratory procedures:

  •   To have thorough knowledge regarding basic laboratory procedures, special techniques including histo- and immuno-histochemical stains and immunofluorescent techniques.
  •   To be able to troubleshoot problems in accession, staining/artifact, etc., to ensure high quality material for interpretation and reporting.

To develop skills and attitude to be a good communicator:

  •   To keep good interpersonal relationship
  •   To be able to work as part of a team
  •   To discuss with clinicians on patient care

To develop skill for both teaching and conducting researches:
  •   To teach and conduct practical demonstrations for undergraduate students.
  •   To learn to conduct slide seminars among peers and juniors.
  •   To be able to conduct short projects under supervision and to write case reports and scientific papers.

To have the ability to be a good laboratory manager:
  •   To manage staff by learning to assess manpower, to write job description and to organize staff pattern.
  •   To manage stock/equipment by developing knowledge of indenting materials and equipment, in choosing and calibrating equipment and preventive maintenance.
  •   To maintain health and safety in the laboratory.
  •   To supervise quality control activities and audits.

To enable residents develop the General Competencies including: Medical Knowledge, Interpersonal and Communicator Skills, Practice Based Learning & Improvement, Professionalism and System Based Practice.
  •   Medical Knowledge - Physicians integrate all of the Roles, applying medical knowledge, clinical skills, and professional attitudes in their provision of patient-centered care.
  •   Interpersonal and Communicator Skills
  •   Physicians effectively facilitate the doctor-patient relationship and the dynamic exchanges that occur before, during, and after the medical encounter.
  •   Physicians effectively work within a healthcare team to achieve optimal patient care
  •   Practice Based Learning & Improvement
  •   Physicians are integral participants in healthcare organizations, organizing sustainable practices, making decisions about allocating resources, and contributing to the effectiveness of the healthcare system.
  •   Physicians demonstrate a lifelong commitment to reflective learning, as well as the creation, dissemination, application and translation of medical knowledge.
  •   System Based Practice
  •   Physicians responsibly use their expertise and influence to advance the health and well-being of individual patients, communities, and populations.
  •   Professionalism - Physicians are committed to the health and well-being of individuals and society through ethical practice, profession-led regulation, and high personal standards of behavior.



  Duration of the Residency Training Program
The duration of the program is 5 years

General Outline of Rotations

65 Blocks for 5 Years
Each Block = 4 Weeks = 28 Days
Each year, four (4) weeks Annual Leave + one (1) week Study leave as per OMSB by-laws.

For R1:
  Surgical Pathology  8 blocks
  Cytology  2 blocks
  Basic Laboratory Methods  1 block
  Hematology  1 block
  Leave  1 block
  Total of 13 blocks

For R2:
  Surgical Pathology  7 blocks
  Cytology  2 blocks
  Autopsy  2 blocks
  Research  1 block
  Leave  1 block
  Total of 13 blocks

For R3:
  Surgical Pathology  7 blocks
  Cytology  3 blocks
  Autopsy  1 block
  Research  1 block
  Leave  1 block
  Total of 13 blocks

For R4 and R5:
  Surgical Pathology  12 blocks
  Cytology  6 blocks
  Electives  4 blocks
  Research  2 blocks
  Leave  2 blocks
  Total of 26 blocks

  Training Centers
  •  Main Training Centers
1.)  Sultan Qaboos University Hospital
2.)  Royal Hospital
3.)  Khoula Hospital

  •   Regional Hospital for other Rotations and/or Electives
1.)  Armed Forces Hospital
2.)  Royal Oman Police Hospital (Forensic Medicine Department)

  Minimum Requirements for Admission
  •   A medical degree (MD/MBBS) or equivalent.
  •   Successful completion of rotational internship for 12 months.
  •   Passing the OMSB admission examination and an interview for short listed candidates.
  •   Provision of names of two consultant physicians as referees.
  •   Provision of a letter from the sponsoring region to join full time training, for the whole period of the program (5 years).
  •   Evidence of proficiency in the English language.
  •   A signed statement from the candidate to comply with rules and regulations of the training program of Oman Medical Specialty Board.